Nuisance has been defined to be anything done to hurt or annoyance of the lands, tenements or hereditaments of another, and not amounting to trespass.
A nuisance may be caused by negligence, and there may be cases in which the act or omission will support an action of either kind but generally speaking these two classes of actions are distinct and the evidence necessary to support them is different. Nuisance is no branch of the law of negligence and is no defense that all reasonable care whether or not there is a saving clause not exempting them from liability in nuisance if what has been done is that which was expressly required to be done was reasonably incidental thereto.
There is the consensus of opinion whether certain acts or omissions shall be classed as a nuisance or whether they come under other classification of the law of tort. The forms which nuisance may take are protean.
Kind of nuisance is of two kinds
Public or common Nuisance:
A person is guilty of a public nuisance who does any act or is guilty of an illegal omission which causes common injury, danger or annoyance, to the public or to the people in general who dwell or occupy property, in the vicinity, or which must necessarily cause injury obstruction danger or annoyance to persons who may have occasion to use any public right.
Private Nuisance is the using or authorizing the use of the one’s property or of anything under one’s control so as to injuriously affect an owner or occupier of property by physically injuring his property or by interfering materially with his health, comfort or convenience. Private Nuisance include acts leading to wrongful disturbances of easements or servitudes e.g. obstruction to light and air, disturbance of right to support or (b) wrongful escape of deleterious substances into another’s property such as smoke, smell fumes, gas, noise, water, filth, heat, electricity, disease, germs, trees, vegetation, animals, etc.