A disability is any continuing condition that restricts everyday activities. The Disability Services Act (1993) defines ‘disability’ as meaning a disability:
- which is attributable to an intellectual, psychiatric, cognitive, neurological, sensory or physical impairment or a combination of those impairments
- which is permanent or likely to be permanent
- which may or may not be of a chronic or episodic nature
- which results in substantially reduced capacity of the person for communication, social interaction, learning or mobility and a need for continuing support services.
With the assistance of appropriate aids and services, the restrictions experienced by many people with a disability may be overcome
Types of disability
The main categories of disability are physical, sensory, psychiatric, neurological, cognitive and intellectual. Many people with disability have multiple disabilities.
A physical disability is the most common type of disability, followed by intellectual and sensory disability. Physical disability generally relates to disorders of the musculoskeletal, circulatory, respiratory and nervous systems.
Sensory disability involves impairments in hearing and vision.
Neurological and cognitive disability includes acquired disability such as multiple sclerosis or traumatic brain injury. Intellectual disability includes intellectual and developmental disability which relate to difficulties with thought processes, learning, communicating, remembering information and using it appropriately, making judgments and problem solving.
There are many NGO’s working for special people all around the country
Pakistan Disabled Foundation
Pakistan Disabled Foundation which is an organization of the crossed disabilities, working actively in all walks of life to the maximum possible extent.
Objectives of PDF
- To strive for the implementation of legislation and other methods for the attainment of the fundamental rights for the disabled persons in Pakistan.
- To endeavor for the arrangement of the necessary equipment required for the disabled persons by import or local production.
- To strive for the disabled persons to be useful citizens and be self-sufficient and to develop affective cooperation and understanding between the disabled and ordinary society.
- To cooperative and coordinate with the Local, National and International GOs and NGOs working for the welfare of the disable persons.
- To conduct coursed and arrange seminars, workshops, conferences for the betterment of the disabled persons. To encourage and to carry out research work to change the unhealthy behavior, tendencies and concepts. Furthermore to improve and enhance the facilities and securities for the disabled persons and to ensure and protect the rights and privileges.
- To establish Institutions, Develop Schemes and Run Projects to achieve the main objectives of the Foundation in connection with Education, Training, Employment, Social Integration and Socioeconomic status.
- Very Special and extraordinary attention is being paid to introduce the capabilities and qualities of Disabled Women including the need of domestic and family life and marital status.
PDF now has formed Quaid e Azam Academy for Disabled persons is a Resource, Training and Educational Center for cross disability. PDF Academy, apart from regular educating classes for disabled children is providing the counseling, guidance and resource information/equipment to the newly disabled due to some accident or disease. The PDF Academy provides its premises to facilitate the periodically organized courses on different skills of cross disability of Local, Provincial, National and international levels.
Together with cultural, recreational and extracurricular activities, The PDF academy arranged informative tours and visits for Teachers, Parents and Students. The training and education together with the related equipment its provided completely free of cost. So far Pick & drop to the disabled children and staff is provided free of cost throughout the year. The PDF has its own 32 seaters micro bus donated by the City Government of Karachi, however the fuel and maintenance costing Rs. 50,000 monthly, excluding salaries and accessories is an unbearable burden, deserves very special attention of the Donors and Supporters.
Due to its active educational and training involvement and activities, the academy is receiving meaningful attention of the GO’s and NGO’s including City Government Karachi who has generously provided annual grant as a considerable part of the budget to run the academy.
Along with the facilities of Computer Training, Physiotherapy, Speech Therapy, Occupational Therapy and Mobility Trainings, the specially designed section for Disabled Women to impart the training of Cooking, House Keeping, Sewing, Knitting and Flower Making etc. is also working as an integral part of academy.
During the current year due to successful Clinic of Physiotherapy in Karachi Abadi of Hijrat Colony, financially supported by PDF, the Physio Clinic and Homeo Clinic have also been started in academy to provide medical services to the children and members.
A number of important officials and dignitaries including Mr. Raees Jahangir Chairman National Council of Social Welfare. The Deputy Council General of Republic of Germany, Mr Watterdal of International Development Partnership, Ms Ells from “Save the Children International”, and Dr. Nusrat of Remedial from Manchester University, Group of Agha Khan Health Institute have visited and given admirable remarks on visitors book.
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