Hunger: A major food crisis in world


“After all there is but one race-humanity”. Though this entire world comprises of human beings having different religions and ideologies, yet there persists a similarity of a human heart that has been taken from the word humanity.

Poverty is rising causing various severe problems having dreadful results. This includes depriving of education, forced child labor, child marriages, and dying of hunger. 

The main issue is the spreading of hunger,  covering almost three fourth of the globe  .  though enough food is being supplied to the whole population yet, it is estimated that about 815 million people out of 7.6 billion in the world are the victims of chronic undernourishment in 2016. In 2014 755 million people starved increasing the ratio, it reached 815 million malnourished people in 2017  according to the United Nation Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Moreover, 11 million people residing in developed countries are malnourished.  

Hunger attacks quickly than any other problem along with deadly and frightful outcomes  when one is suffering from poverty

Children and infants are more vulnerable to this as they are growing and require essential nutrients for that.   From all-around 150 million children under five-year-old are diagnosed with stunted growth in 2017 (UNICEF, WHO, & The World Bank, 2018)  and about half of this stunted growth existed in Asia and one third in Africa. Lack of nutrients is the cause of half of all deaths in children over the world under a 5-year-old.  Approximately 3 million kids die every year for they cannot resist to the life-taking diseases and cannot grow or functions adequately because of low nutrients.

Due to lack of nutrients in the body children undergo acute malnutrition i.e. wasting ( marasmus) diseases having a very low weight not suitable for the current height and kwashiorkor leading to swollen feet, face or limbs.

Besides, 50.5 million under-five-year olds were subjected to marasmus (unbalance weight and height) in 2017 (UNICEF, WHO, & The World Bank, 2018). Asia comprising two third and Africa about one-quarter of these marasmus children.

Hunger-related diseases are life-threatening taking 9 million lives every year more especially by AIDS, Malaria, Tuberculosis, and Diarrhea. The last one prevents body efficiency to convert food into useful energy. 

Asia and Africa are the most affected countries with the highest number

520 million hungry people living in Asia targeting countries like Indonesia and the Philippines. 243 million people in  Ethiopia, Niger, and Mali of the African continent, including 20 million people are facing the danger of coming famine in South Sudan, Somali, Yemen, Niger. In Latin America, places like Guatemala and Haiti people are not getting enough food.

The reasons behind this hunger bringing crucial conditions are poverty. Lack of resources, poor economic status and unequal distribution of wealth has led to poverty in many states dragging them food crisis. However, there can be seen an increase in Sub-Saharan population as a result of pulling down of extreme poverty to a moderate or low level.

Climate change disturbs every aspect of environment especially crops by ruining them and making it difficult for the farmers to harvest them

Africa often can be seen as a veteran of drought that prevails economic and political instability, food crisis and poverty . on the other hand lack of food and agriculture technology use has lowered the rate of crops in average-income countries as compared to rich countries. 

More importantly, overpopulation is the main problem it is estimated that by 2050, 2 billion people will be added to the world population. Making it harder than now to feed people. 

Political and economic instability also contributes to starvation as a low budget leads to high prices and less available nutrient-filled products to purchase. Depriving of jobs also neglects to afford healthy food. 

People and children are still undergoing through hunger and poverty,  this ratio has increased from the past three years because of climatic change, UN reported. However,  with the help of NGOs and Government institutions who have always struggle in putting up their initiatives has slightly declined the ratio in some countries while the highly reduced number of hungry people in other countries. Africa has the lowest rate declined ratio of hungry people but in sub-Saharan Africa, the number is reduced from 33.2 percent in 1990– 92 to 23.2 percent in 2014–16, although the number of undernourished people has actually increased (FAO et al., 2017). Anonymously, southern Asian countries having Pakistan, India the rate has not changed rather it increased, while eastern Asian countries like Indonesia, China has a fall in a number of hungry people. 

World food summit in 1996 had decided to decrease the starved people to half by 2015 yet half of the targeted number was achieved. Several  NGOs Red Cross, Care, UN, Akhuwat, Al-khidmat, WHO have made it possible to meet the basic necessities of life for underprivileged people rendering food security and food, better medical facilities,  giving education, providing with jobs





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